Some of the main reasons for occupational health and safety deficiencies in small-scale mining are unawareness of risks of chronic occupational diseases and inadequately implemented education and training. The key needs of the sector is to provide access to knowledge and tools that will raise awareness and disseminate affordable, best practice methods for use by small-scale mines. With this in mind, the CSIR Occupational Health and Ergonomics research group have developed the OREOHS tool, which is a comprehensive model for hazard identification and risk assessment of occupational health stressors that can be applied to mining operations of various types and sizes but in particular by small-scale enterprises. A scoring system was included in the checklists to facilitate a quantifying of the risk which would further enable a risk rating and ranking of health hazards in the workplace. Guidelines for the use of the organisational evaluation of risks associated with exposure to health stressors and guidelines for the use of each checklist are included. The OREOHS can be transposed onto a spreadsheet that will facilitate the automatic calculation of the risk rating and ranking of health hazards in a small mine.
One World Trust, with support from the International Development and Research Centre (IDRC), has created an interactive, online database of tools to help organisations conducting policy-relevant research to become more accountable. The database provides an inventory of over two hundred tools, standards and processes within a broad, overarching accountability framework. With a dynamic interface and several search functions, it allows users to identify aspects of accountability that interest them, and provides ideas to improve their accountability in this context. Each tool is supported by sources and further reading. The site also encourages engagement with and discussion on the database content, through allowing users to comment on individual tools, or to submit their own tools, processes and standards for inclusion.
The One World Trust, with support from the International Development and Research Centre, has created an interactive, online database of tools to help organisations conducting policy relevant research become more accountable. The database provides an inventory of over two hundred tools, standards and processes within a broad, overarching accountability framework. With a dynamic interface and several search functions, it allows users to identify aspects of accountability that interests them, and provides ideas to improve their accountability in this context. Each tool is supported by sources and further reading. The site also encourages engagement with and discussion on the database content, through allowing users to comment on individual tools, or to submit their own tools, processes and standards for inclusion. The database is an output of a three-year project, titled ‘Accountability Principles for Research Organisations’. Working with partners across the globe, the project has generated an accountability framework which is sufficiently flexible to apply to many contexts and different organisations.
Embassies play a vital role in the co-ordination of bilateral and multilateral development efforts. Certain embassies organise and directly implement a funding country bilateral aid (such as the Dutch Embassies). Other external funder countries, such as Germany, manage grant schemes through their diplomatic offices abroad. Embassies could also provide crucial training schemes to support the managerial and administrative capacity of NGO workers (such as the British Embassy) and serve as platforms to get in contact with other local and international NGOs working in the same field of action. This guide takes in account programmes and strategies of five embassies working in developing countries. It illustrates what strategies have been so far implemented, offers ideas on how to engage local embassies on collaborative projects.
Local governments have an important role to play in enhancing the wellbeing of forest communities, yet often lack the capacity to understand and address local needs. This source book provides a useful resource for local governments, local communities, development practitioners and civil society organisations interested in reducing poverty through more participatory approaches with forest communities. They offer a positive concept of sustained human wellbeing and security that extends beyond sufficiency of income and food, and emphasises the potential role of forests in enhancing community wellbeing.
Trade justice is about giving poor people and countries the chance to work their own way out of poverty; giving farmers the chance to earn enough to feed their families and to send their children to school; allowing industries to develop, creating jobs and opportunities. But instead of trade justice, free trade is being forced on developing countries. It is hurting poor people, not helping them. And it is undermining democracy by denying poor people a greater say in the decisions that affect their lives. In 2005, unprecedented numbers of people campaigned for trade justice as part of the Make Poverty History campaign. With the UK government starting to question the wisdom of
forcing free trade and liberalisation on developing countries, we are making progress. But there’s still some way to go before trade justice becomes a reality for millions of poor people worldwide. This guide addresses what is meant by trade justice, what needs to change, and how the campaign will help make poverty history.
Health care workers are an invaluable resource for improving maternal and child nutrition in developing countries. Recognizing the need to reinforce the capacity of health care workers in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Support for Analysis and Research in Africa (SARA) and BASICS II projects developed a comprehensive training manual on implementation of Essential Nutrition Actions.
The Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA) is pleased to introduce new training manuals for program managers and trainers working in reproductive health. The manuals provide in-depth and step-by-step guidance to trainers working in workshop settings. Topics include reproductive health awareness, female condom, dual protection and sustainability for community health organizations. The manuals were produced under the Enabling Change for Women's Reproductive Health (ENABLE) project, funded by USAID.
The Rights-Oriented Research & Education Network in Sexual & Reproductive Health (SRH) aims to generate transformative and robust evidence for policies and programmes on SRH. RORE is involved in determining new indicators and domains of data to identify rights-realization/gender equality related influences on SRH issues (e.g. on reasons for not using services) and exploratory cross-regional research to evolve concepts from the perspective of those affected. Education and training activities of the Network aim to build capacity in research from a gender and human rights perspective on sexual and reproductive health. RORE provides educational materials, training and mentoring focused on gender and human rights based SRH research and online courses with lectures focused on promoting research with a gender and rights perspective for SRH.
Clinical trial reports usually give estimates of treatment effects, their confidence intervals and p values. But what do these terms mean? The statistical methods and their technical meaning are well established. However, there is less clarity about the concise interpretative wording that authors should use, especially in the abstract and conclusions and by others in commentaries. This article offers guidance and assumes that one short sentence needs to capture the essence of a trial's findings for the primary endpoint. It explains technical terms simply and aims to help researchers to achieve this objective in their writing.