In this paper, the authors argue that the successful application of technologies for the management of environmental risks to human health relies on a country’s capacity to assess risks and potential health impacts, as well as develop and implement appropriate policies, monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of these policies, and engage and communicate with stakeholders. The authors identify the main challenges to most African countries as lack of access to relevant tools and reduced the capacity to deliver vital evidence-based knowledge on the links between the environment and health. The translation of evidence into policies and programmes is often a complex issue, and legal and regulatory frameworks in Africa remain largely limited or ineffective. This paper describes useful tools for policy making and proposes that governments integrate health and environmental impact considerations into economic development processes, identify knowledge gaps, support local applied research to build technical capacity and strengthen cooperation among key actors to answer practical policy questions.
The purpose of this guide is to describe how to design and carry out a social mobilization program to create demand and increase participation during immunisation campaigns and routine immunisations, and thereby improve the health of communities in developing countries.
Some of the main reasons for occupational health and safety deficiencies in small-scale mining are unawareness of risks of chronic occupational diseases and inadequately implemented education and training. The key needs of the sector is to provide access to knowledge and tools that will raise awareness and disseminate affordable, best practice methods for use by small-scale mines. With this in mind, the CSIR Occupational Health and Ergonomics research group have developed the OREOHS tool, which is a comprehensive model for hazard identification and risk assessment of occupational health stressors that can be applied to mining operations of various types and sizes but in particular by small-scale enterprises. A scoring system was included in the checklists to facilitate a quantifying of the risk which would further enable a risk rating and ranking of health hazards in the workplace. Guidelines for the use of the organisational evaluation of risks associated with exposure to health stressors and guidelines for the use of each checklist are included. The OREOHS can be transposed onto a spreadsheet that will facilitate the automatic calculation of the risk rating and ranking of health hazards in a small mine.
One World Trust, with support from the International Development and Research Centre (IDRC), has created an interactive, online database of tools to help organisations conducting policy-relevant research to become more accountable. The database provides an inventory of over two hundred tools, standards and processes within a broad, overarching accountability framework. With a dynamic interface and several search functions, it allows users to identify aspects of accountability that interest them, and provides ideas to improve their accountability in this context. Each tool is supported by sources and further reading. The site also encourages engagement with and discussion on the database content, through allowing users to comment on individual tools, or to submit their own tools, processes and standards for inclusion.
The One World Trust, with support from the International Development and Research Centre, has created an interactive, online database of tools to help organisations conducting policy relevant research become more accountable. The database provides an inventory of over two hundred tools, standards and processes within a broad, overarching accountability framework. With a dynamic interface and several search functions, it allows users to identify aspects of accountability that interests them, and provides ideas to improve their accountability in this context. Each tool is supported by sources and further reading. The site also encourages engagement with and discussion on the database content, through allowing users to comment on individual tools, or to submit their own tools, processes and standards for inclusion. The database is an output of a three-year project, titled ‘Accountability Principles for Research Organisations’. Working with partners across the globe, the project has generated an accountability framework which is sufficiently flexible to apply to many contexts and different organisations.
Embassies play a vital role in the co-ordination of bilateral and multilateral development efforts. Certain embassies organise and directly implement a funding country bilateral aid (such as the Dutch Embassies). Other external funder countries, such as Germany, manage grant schemes through their diplomatic offices abroad. Embassies could also provide crucial training schemes to support the managerial and administrative capacity of NGO workers (such as the British Embassy) and serve as platforms to get in contact with other local and international NGOs working in the same field of action. This guide takes in account programmes and strategies of five embassies working in developing countries. It illustrates what strategies have been so far implemented, offers ideas on how to engage local embassies on collaborative projects.
Local governments have an important role to play in enhancing the wellbeing of forest communities, yet often lack the capacity to understand and address local needs. This source book provides a useful resource for local governments, local communities, development practitioners and civil society organisations interested in reducing poverty through more participatory approaches with forest communities. They offer a positive concept of sustained human wellbeing and security that extends beyond sufficiency of income and food, and emphasises the potential role of forests in enhancing community wellbeing.
Trade justice is about giving poor people and countries the chance to work their own way out of poverty; giving farmers the chance to earn enough to feed their families and to send their children to school; allowing industries to develop, creating jobs and opportunities. But instead of trade justice, free trade is being forced on developing countries. It is hurting poor people, not helping them. And it is undermining democracy by denying poor people a greater say in the decisions that affect their lives. In 2005, unprecedented numbers of people campaigned for trade justice as part of the Make Poverty History campaign. With the UK government starting to question the wisdom of
forcing free trade and liberalisation on developing countries, we are making progress. But there’s still some way to go before trade justice becomes a reality for millions of poor people worldwide. This guide addresses what is meant by trade justice, what needs to change, and how the campaign will help make poverty history.
Health care workers are an invaluable resource for improving maternal and child nutrition in developing countries. Recognizing the need to reinforce the capacity of health care workers in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Support for Analysis and Research in Africa (SARA) and BASICS II projects developed a comprehensive training manual on implementation of Essential Nutrition Actions.
The Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA) is pleased to introduce new training manuals for program managers and trainers working in reproductive health. The manuals provide in-depth and step-by-step guidance to trainers working in workshop settings. Topics include reproductive health awareness, female condom, dual protection and sustainability for community health organizations. The manuals were produced under the Enabling Change for Women's Reproductive Health (ENABLE) project, funded by USAID.