This book is written for policy-makers, managers, and programme staff in development and humanitarian organisations, to promote debate about the changes that need to be made to their programmes if they are to work effectively in a world which has been changed for ever by the pandemic of AIDS. It is not concerned with AIDS-specific interventions such as home-based care, counselling and testing, condom promotion, or AIDS education. It is about adapting mainstream development and humanitarian work to create a holistic response to the impact of AIDS on poor and marginalised communities.
The Association Francois-Xavier Bagnoud (AFXB) and the World Bank Early Child Development Team have launched the revised AIDS Orphans Assistance Database (AOAD). The purpose of the AOAD is to facilitate communication among organisations and individuals worldwide which provide assistance to children made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS and to their caregivers. The AOAD is an online tool that allows users to enter information, search for, learn about and contact others interested in helping children affected by HIV/AIDS.
The AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition (AVAC) has launched the AIDS Vaccine Clearinghouse, a comprehensive and interactive source of AIDS vaccine information on the internet. The website provides a gateway to information and a link to people and organizations interested in AIDS vaccine advocacy, research and global delivery.
AIDS.Edumela is a new website aimed at providing information on the HIV/AIDS situation in Botswana and other parts of Southern Africa. Their page "About Condoms" contains user contributions about the use of condoms and other issues related to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Botswana.
In this online interview with Edward Paice, Director of Africa Research Institute, Zhong Jianhua, China’s Special Representative on African Affairs, responds to common criticisms of China’s policy and conduct in Africa. He rejects any analogy between China-Africa trade patterns and those of the colonial era but agrees that Africa must regard China as a competitor pursuing its own interests. Ambassador Zhong observes many similarities between the policy choices facing African governments in the 2000s and those confronted by China during the 1980s and 1990s. He emphasises that China itself is still a developing country – and one which has a great deal to learn about Africa. He insists that it is China’s responsibility to help African nations compete in the global economy. While acknowledging the imperative shared by all developing economies to maximise agricultural potential, attract capital, create a more skilled workforce and industrialise, he concludes that “finally the chance has come” to Africa.
AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields. AMEDEO’s core components include weekly emails with bibliographic lists about new scientific publications, personal Web pages for one-time download of available abstracts (see example), and an overview of the medical literature published in relevant journals over the past 12 to 24 months. All these new information resources are free of charge.
Are we deranged? The acclaimed Indian novelist Amitav Ghosh argues that future generations may well think so. How else to explain our imaginative failure in the face of global warming? Ghosh examines in a series of video lectures our inability—at the level of literature, history, and politics—to grasp the scale and violence of climate change. The extreme nature of today’s climate events, Ghosh asserts, make them peculiarly resistant to contemporary modes of thinking and imagining. This is particularly true of serious literary fiction: hundred-year storms and freakish tornadoes simply feel too improbable for the novel; they are automatically consigned to other genres. In the writing of history, too, the climate crisis has sometimes led to gross simplifications; Ghosh shows that the history of the carbon economy is a tangled global story with many contradictory and counterintuitive elements, and suggests that global crises like the climate crisis challenge our thinking and ask us to imagine other forms of human existence—a task that fiction can support.
This volume aims to provide researchers and analysts with a step-by-step practical guide to the measurement of a variety of aspects of health equity. Each chapter includes worked examples and computer code. This is intended to help build more comprehensive monitoring of trends in health equity, a better understanding of the causes of these inequities, more extensive evaluation of the impacts of development programs on health equity, and more effective policies and programs to reduce inequities in the health sector.
Progress in quantifying and understanding health equities would not have been possible without appropriate analytic techniques. These techniques are the subject of this book, which includes chapters dealing with data issues and the measurement of the key variables in health equity analysis, quantitative techniques for interpreting and presenting health equity data, and the application of these techniques in the analysis of equity in health care utilisation and health care spending. The aim of the book is to provide researchers and analysts with a step-by-step practical guide to the measurement of a variety of aspects of health equity, with worked examples and computer code, mostly for the computer program Stata. It is hoped that these step-by-step guides, and the easy-to-implement computer routines contained in them, will help stimulate yet more research in the field, especially policy-oriented health equity research that enables researchers to help policymakers develop and evaluate programs to reduce health inequities.
As part of its Country AIDS Policy Analysis Project, the AIDS Policy Research Centre at the University of California San Francisco has published a multidisciplinary, fully referenced, peer-reviewed analysis of HIV/AIDS in Uganda. The paper includes sections on epidemiology, political economy, socio-behavioural context, impact, and response - at household, sectoral, and macrolevels. It is accompanied by a comparative table of 70 key HIV/AIDS and socioeconomic indicators. The analysis is available in Word, PDF, and Text-only formats.