This guide is designed to be a 'support tool' to assist institutions in developing and enhancing their HIV and AIDS workplace programmes. It has been aligned to the Framework for HIV and AIDS Workplace Programmes, which was developed for South Africa's higher education sector. The framework has six key performance areas that make up a comprehensive workplace programme and the guide sets out key standards for each of the performance areas. The areas are: strategic leadership, decision-making and co-ordination; research and analysis; workplace HIV and AIDS policy; workplace HIV and AIDS prevention programmes; workplace HIV and AIDS treatment and care strategies; and monitoring and evaluation.
This guide, published by the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education (RFSU), provides a comprehensive introduction to the political debate surrounding sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). It discusses the changes in the approach to population issues that emerged from the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, emphasising the conference's explicit recognition of reproductive rights as human rights. Countries pledged to reduce maternal mortality, fight HIV and AIDS, and improve people's sexual and reproductive health and rights. The guide discusses the controversy over the goals that were adopted and the reservations expressed by many countries.
Fifteen years after the International Conference on Population Development, a large global family of development workers committed to universal access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) continue to work on improving the lives and expanding the choices of individuals and couples. This guide considers reproductive health as a human right, while it notes that reproductive health conditions are the leading cause of death and illness in women of childbearing age worldwide. At least 200 million women who want to plan their families or space their births lack access to safe and effective contraception. Investments in reproductive health save and improve lives, slow the spread of HIV and encourage gender equality. These benefits extend from the individual to the family and from the family to the world. Yet resources allocated for improving SRH are scarce and needs are urgent. The guide aims to help practitioners to use limited resources in the most effective way. Contributors to the guide have developed and used many tools and methodologies to promote SRH – these are streamlined in the guide for the busy programme manager at national or district level.
The Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa is renowned for its strong and comprehensive provisions on women’s rights. For the first time in international law, it explicitly sets forth the reproductive right of women to medical abortion when pregnancy results from rape or incest or when the continuation of pregnancy endangers the health or life of the mother. This Guide provides step-by-step guidance for using the Protocol at local, national, and regional levels. It explains how to bring women’s rights abuses that violate the Protocol before domestic courts and regional justice mechanisms like the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights and analyses key cases related to women’s rights decided by the African Commission. The Guide also provides activists with more general strategies for the popularisation and domestication of the Protocol to protect the rights of African women and girls and ensure they have complete access to justice.
The goal of this handbook is to highlight some of the best practices around the world in HIV and AIDS services, programmes and policies for people with disabilities. It describes how systematic efforts were made to identify case studies from various countries. However, the numbers of case studies obtained were smaller than expected. This could be an indication that there is little documentation of practice in HIV and AIDS and disability. It could also be that organisations primarily working with disabilities have given minimal attention to HIV and AIDS, and similarly little attention is paid to disability by mainstream HIV and AIDS organisations. This handbook is primarily aimed at organisations involved in or intending to be involved in programming and advocacy to influence or to develop policy and programmes in HIV and AIDS service delivery for persons with disabilities. This handbook is divided into four chapters, each addressing a particular broad topic in reference to best practices for disability and HIV and AIDS. The categories of disabilities covered in the handbook are the deaf, the visually impaired, and the physically and intellectually challenged.
Accessing relevant development knowledge is a key challenge for many researchers in developing and transition countries. The Global Development Network (GDN) and the British Library of Development Studies (BLDS) have teamed up to address this issue with a new Document Delivery Service. The service will provide research institutes in the South with access to Europe's largest research collection on economic and social change in developing countries.
Since achieving independence in 1975, Mozambique is a country in constant change. In this context, governments, foundations, NGOs and companies declare noble intentions in order to improve the precarious health situation of the population. "A Luta Continua" ("The Struggle Continues") is a film that reviews the achievements, challenges and difficulties in order to build a health system for all in an increasingly unequal country where, sometimes, aid strategies do not always walk in the same direction.
This Human Rights Impact Assessment (HRIA) manual aims to systematically identify, predict and respond to projects' potential impacts on human rights. The goal of this methodology is to assist in the creation of valid, useful and ultimately meaningful human rights impact assessments. The process of creating and using HRIA is still in its early phases, the manual observes and their relevance will depend on a continuing improvement of method, capacity and result which can only be accomplished through the sharing of experience and information between companies and assessors. The methodology looks at HRIA assessment sources, goals, and types. It covers basic concepts and looks provides five steps for implementation: gather project contexts and company information; drawing up a preliminary list of impacted rights; drawing up a preliminary list of impacted right holders; special topics; and inquiry guided by topic catalogue. The manual offers recommendations for policies, procedures, structures and action. It also provides an appendix of other tools and selected best practices.
This guide includes case studies, tips, photographs, training materials and an accompanying video on implementing community-based HIV-prevention services. Each chapter focuses on a different aspect of implementation, from engaging with stakeholders and communities to how to set up teams and conduct HIV testing services that integrate important other services including screening for TB, sexually transmitted infections and non-communicable diseases.
The aim of this scoping review is to investigate and report stakeholders' objectives for planning or participating in large multi-day conferences and how these objectives are being evaluated. The authors conducted a scoping review supplemented by a small number of key informant interviews. Eight bibliographic databases were systematically searched to identify papers describing conference objectives and/or evaluations, 44 of which were included in this study. The evaluation framework connects five key elements in planning a conference and its evaluation: conference objectives, purpose of evaluation, evaluation methods, indicators of success and theories/models. The authors found that conference objectives and evaluations were largely correlated with the type of conference (i.e. academic, political/governmental or business) but diverse overall. While much can be done to improve the quality and usefulness of conference evaluations, there are innovative assessments that are currently being utilised by some conferences and warrant further investigation. This review provides conference evaluators and organisers a simple resource to improve their own assessments by highlighting and categorising current objectives and evaluation strategies.