Useful Resources

2015 Elections in Africa: Africa Research Institute interactive resource page
Africa Research Institute, 15 January 2015

This page provides an election map where users can click on highlighted countries on the map for pop-up fact boxes and links to recommended reading, a timeline where users can scroll through for a chronological view of the year’s elections. There is also an area for further reading providing space to browse a variety of articles, from survey reports to ambassadorial blog posts on electoral systems and performance, by country.

2018 Africa Scorecard on Domestic Financing for Health
African Union Commission: AU 2018

The Africa Scorecard on Domestic Financing for Health is a health financing management tool for governments on the African continent. AidSpan, the independent observer of the Global Fund, describes the scorecard as a tool intended to help with financial planning for the health sector and with monitoring government domestic health spending performance against key global and regional health financing benchmarks. It is also intended to help governments compare their performance with each other. The 2018 Africa Scorecard on Domestic Financing for Health was adopted by the African Union Heads of State and Government Assembly on 2 July 2018 during the Summit in Nouakchott, Islamic Republic of Mauritania. The Scorecard can be accessed in English, French and Portuguese.

A community guide to environmental health
Conant J and Fadem P: Hesperian Publishers, 2011

This highly illustrated guide helps health promoters, development workers, environmental activists, and community leaders take charge of their environmental health. The book contains activities to stimulate critical thinking and discussion, inspirational stories, and instructions for simple health technologies such as water purification methods, safe toilets, and non-toxic cleaning products. 23 chapters cover topics including: preventing and reducing harm from toxic pollution; forestry, restoring land, and planting trees; protecting community water and watersheds; food security and sustainable farming; environmental health at home; solid waste and health care waste; and how to reduce harm from mining, oil, and energy production. With dozens of activities to stimulate critical thinking and discussion, instructions for simple health technologies such as safe toilets, safe cleaning methods, and water purification methods, and hundreds of drawings to make the messages clear, the guide should be useful for people just beginning to address environmental health threats, as well as people with many years’ experience in the field.

A complete set of online resources for information activism and investigative journalism
Exposing the Invisible, November 2013

This website should come under a section called many useful resources! It provides resources for people to use for research work. It provides links to various databases and tools, links to tools available to keep data safe; and an array of tools to learn how to efficiently communicate the conclusions of investigations, from data visualisation to animations, showing what others have done and how to find the most appropriate medium to display evidence. It provides resources for keeping the internet and communications tools secure. The site also provides links to sites that they hope will inspire.

A Critical Approach to the Aid Effectiveness Agenda
Better Aid, 2008 is a campaign website, published by the Civil Society International Steering Group (ISG) towards the Third High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Accra in September 2008, reviewing the Paris Declaration. It aims to provide information and updates on aid effectiveness issues, especially related to the CSO parallel process towards the Third High Level Forum. The International Steering Group (ISG), initiated during the World Social Forum in Nairobi in January 2007, is actively voicing CSOs concerns and is preparing the CSO parallel Forum in Accra under the chairmanship of IBON Foundation and ISG active partners.

A facilitators’ guide to participatory workshops with NGOs/CBOs responding to HIV/AIDS

This guide aims to support people who facilitate participatory workshops with non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and community-based organisations (CBOs) responding to HIV/AIDS in developing countries. It is based on the practical experiences of the International HIV/AIDS Alliance (the Alliance). The Alliance is an international NGO that supports communities in developing countries to prevent the spread of HIV, support and care for those infected and ease the impact of HIV on families and communities.

A Framework for Action on Health and the Environment
UN WEHAB Working Group

United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan commissioned five papers on Water, Energy, Health and Agriculture from the relevant United Nations bodies for consideration at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in August 2002. These papers are intended to describe the current situation in a particular focus area, identify key gaps and challenges and highlight action where further action is needed.

A framework for developing an evidence-based, comprehensive tobacco control programme
Rosen L, Rosenberg E, McKee M, Gan-Noy S, Levin D, Mayshar E, Shacham G, Borowski J, Bin Nun G and Lev B: Health Research Policy and Systems 8(17), 27 May 2010

Tobacco control is an area where the translation of evidence into policy would seem to be straightforward, given the wealth of epidemiological, behavioural and other types of research available. Yet, even here challenges exist. These include information overload, concealment of key (industry-funded) evidence, contextualisation, assessment of population impact and the changing nature of the threat. This article describes the steps that may be taken to develop a comprehensive tobacco control strategy: compilation of a list of potential interventions; modification of that list based on local needs and political constraints; streamlining the list by categorising interventions into broad groupings of related interventions to form the basis of a comprehensive plan; and refinement of the plan by comparing it to existing comprehensive plans. The proposed framework for adapting existing approaches to the local social and political climate may assist others planning for smoke-free societies. Additionally, this experience has implications for development of evidence-based health plans addressing other risk factors.

A Free Course on Medicines in Health Systems working towards UHC
World Bank Open Learning Campus, 2016

Many countries are reforming their health systems working toward universal health coverage (UHC). These reforms can be harnessed to increase equity in medicines access, affordability, and appropriate use of medicines. However, they also have the potential to decrease the effectiveness of prescribing and dispensing, increase unnecessary use of medicines, and derail systems from a path toward sustainable universal coverage. The goal of the Medicines in Health Systems course is to strengthen the capacity of practitioners working toward universal health coverage in low- and middle-income country health systems to design, implement, and monitor evidence-informed pharmaceutical policy and management strategies. Specifically, after completing the course, participants will be able to explain the different roles medicines play in health systems, and the roles and responsibilities of different system actors with respect to medicines in systems. They will be able to illustrate the competing objectives that system stakeholders face when striving toward greater availability of and more equitable access to high quality medicines, at affordable costs for households and the system, and with appropriate use to achieve target health outcomes. Participants will learn to assess the potential of different medicines policy and management approaches to balance these competing objectives, and identify the facilitators of and barriers to success of specific strategies, in a given context. Lastly, participants will learn to lay out strategies for monitoring desired and potential unintended outcomes of specific medicines policy and management strategies in a given setting. It provides step-by-step guidelines for clinicians, ranging from diagnoses to correct medicine dosages, and how to administer the medicine.

A global database of abortion laws, policies, health standards and guidelines
Johnson B; Mishra V; Lavelanet A; Khosla R; Ganatra B: World Health Organisation, doi:, 2017

In June 2017 the United Nations Development Programme in collaboration with other United Nations agencies launched a new, open-access Global Abortion Policies Database. The online database contains comprehensive information on the abortion laws, policies, health standards and guidelines for WHO and United Nations (UN) Member States. It is intended for use by policy-makers, human rights bodies, nongovernmental organisations, public health researchers and civil society. The database is designed to further strengthen global and national efforts to eliminate unsafe abortion by facilitating comparative and country-specific analyses of abortion laws and policies, placing them in the context of information and recommendations from WHO technical and policy guidance on safe abortion. The main objectives of the database are to promote greater transparency of abortion laws and policies and state accountability for the protection of women and girls’ health and human rights.