EQUINET Call: Desk review on “Public health and mining in East and Southern African countries”
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This desk review of public health and mining in east and southern African countries is being commissioned by the Regional Network for Equity in Health in East and Southern Africa (EQUINET) in collaboration with partners. The paper aims to inform public sector officials and professionals, policy makers, civil society including unions and ex mineworkers organisations and parliamentarians on the population health impacts of the types of mining in all countries in East and Southern Africa to support policies, programmes and health literacy on mining and health. The countries covered are Angola, Botswana, DRC, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Mauritius, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Zambia. It will cover both large and small scale mining activities
The paper will identify from online sources the direct health risks and health outcomes for workers, their families, surrounding communities and ex mineworkers, related to mining, and covering also post mine closure health risks and health outcomes. It will draw on documented evidence from existing published studies and data on the distribution and determinants of health outcomes of the different mining activities in the region. It will identify the known population health risks associated with each of the major forms of mining underway and currently documented health outcomes in east and southern African countries associated with those mining activities, and the key population groups affected. It will draw conclusions on the gap between documented public health risks and the documented health outcomes in the region and comment on factors underlying these gaps.