Participatory action research methods, tools and ethics

On this page you will find links to materials, videos and other resources on the methods used in PAR. Links are provided to examples of the tools used, and to discussions and guidelines on ethical issues in PAR. The resources are in various languages. The most recently published resources are shown first. Please send us your resources to include on this page.

The Application of Participatory Action-Research in Latin America

Fals-Borda O,1987

This paper draws on field studies in Nicaragua, Colombia and Mexico to explore the theory and action of PAR as a methods used since the 1970s that challenges established academic routines while also generating and systematising knowledge. It identifies PAR as a comprehensive and human paradigm in the social sciences using a series of techniques to combine knowledge and power.

Training for Transformation 1-3: A handbook for community workers Books 1-3

Hope, A and Timmel, S; Practical Action Publishing,1984

Training for Transformation consists of three volumes designed to assist field workers who are encouraging the development of self-reliant creative communities. It puts forward methodologies that encourage all to participate in making this world a more just place to live in. The book integrates the approach and methods of Paulo Freire, Manfred Max Neef’s understanding of fundamental human needs, group methods which are essential for participatory education, organizational development which stresses self reliance, and social analysis to help groups find the root causes of problems.