Useful Resources

COHRED web site: new feature

COHRED regularly receives requests to fund health research projects. Although we are not a donor agency we have a commitment to act as broker for countries applying Essential National Health Research. In response to this, COHRED has compiled a database of development partners in health research. This database is now accessible through the COHRED web site and includes valuable information for each organisation such as the activities most funded, specified priority regions or countries, and a summary of guidelines for proposals. The database is an ongoing project and will be updated continuously. The aim is to refine the data and add development partners to better serve the needs of COHRED's stakeholders. Readers are invited to provide suggestions, improvements and more up-to-date information. Organisations who wish to be included in the database are also welcome to contact us.

Common anti-malarial trees and shrubs of east Africa: A description of species and a guide to cultivation and conservation through use
Dharani N, Rukunga G, Yenesew A, Mbora A, Mwaura L, Dawson I and Jamnadass R: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) and Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), 2011

This report is a collaboration between traditional medicine practitioners and scientists, and identifies 22 plants used in east Africa with possible anti-malarial properties. In recent years, there has been an emphasis on the use of artemisinin-based medicines based on the Artemisia annua shrub. The recent interest in Artemisia annua, the development of resistance to existing drugs and the limited access of poor communities to modern drugs have stimulated research in the current use and future potential of other plant products in treating malaria, both as part of traditional health care practices and in developing new conventional medicines. This guide describes a range of trees and shrubs that are used as anti-malarial treatments in East Africa. The species chosen for description have been determined by traditional medical practitioners, rural communities and scientists as among those that have potential for further study and development as tree and shrub crops. The intention of this guide is to support the further development of the cultivation of these species by smallholders in the East Africa region.

Community 21: Digital toolbox for sustainable communities
Gant N and Gittins T: Gateways: International Journal of Community Research and Engagement (3), 2010

This article describes the 'Toolbox for the 21st Century Village' action research project and outline the critical research contexts that underpin its development as an online informatics and social engagement tool aimed at facilitating understanding, sharing and planning of integrated sustainability by individual communities. The article questions the assumption that rural livelihoods are necessarily ‘green’, arguing that rural behaviours are disproportionately dependent on natural resources and as a consequence are ‘less sustainable’, despite relative autonomy and community potential to make significant gains. The article also explores how the term ‘sustainability’ serves to divide and detract as a polemic and absolute term, whereas the term ‘self-sufficiency’ may be more appropriate to meaningful sustainable development.

Community Discussion Guide for Maternal and Newborn Health Care: A Training Manual for Safe Motherhood Action Groups
Mobilising Access to Maternal Health Services in Zambia Programme (MAMaZ), Ministry of Community Development, and Mother and Child Health and District Health Management Teams: 2012

This Guide is being used in six rural districts of Zambia to train Community Health Volunteers, including members of community Safe Motherhood Action Groups (SMAGs), to promote safe pregnancy planning; help reduce maternal delays; and promote appropriate newborn care. The Guide was developed by the Mobilising Access to Maternal Health Services in Zambia (MAMaZ) programme and district health management team partners in six districts It sets out a process for engaging with rural communities to increase awareness of and social approval to act on maternal and newborn health. It contains detailed guidance on how to train SMAG volunteers in two key areas of their portfolio – maternal and newborn health care – and is intended to complement other maternal health and newborn care training resources. The training approach used here aims to build the knowledge and training capacity of the Mama SMAGs in such a way that they do not have to rely on having a paper version of the Community Discussion Guide, mainly because they may have poor literacy. The approach forces trainers to internalise the Guide’s content and techniques and avoids reliance on the production of training manuals in a context where paper and printing capacity may be in short supply and where the dissemination of manuals can be challenging logistically.

Community photography: Picha Mtaani national peace building initiative and exhibition tour
Kenya: 2008-2012

The Picha Mtaani national peace building initiative and exhibition tour contains photographs of Kenya’s 2007/8 post election violence, which have been displayed throughout Kenya since 2008. The exhibition has enjoyed tremendous support from the Kenyan public, as evidenced by the participation of over 700,000 young people, the submission of 30,000 completed questionnaires and the subsequent signing of more than 61,000 peace pledges during the exhibition series. This project involving community photography may be of interest to community photographers looking for ideas. Visit the address given above, as well as the following flickr site:

Condoms website

This new website from the John Hopkins Centre for Communication Programmes is an update and expansion of the Condoms CD-ROM first published in 1999 by JHU/CCP's POPLINE Digital Services. The website has ideas on designing condom promotion campaigns and putting together condom counselling information. You will also find calendars, flipcharts, kits and manuals, novelties, pamphlets, posters, research abstracts, and audio-visual materials from around the world.

Conducting a meta-ethnography of qualitative literature: Lessons learnt
Atkins S, Lewin S, Smith H et al: BMC Medical Research Methodology 8: 21, 16 April 2008

Qualitative synthesis has become more commonplace in recent years. Meta ethnography is one of several methods for synthesising qualitative research and is being used increasingly within health care research. However, many aspects of the steps in the process remain ill-defined. Meta-ethnography is a useful method for synthesising qualitative research and for developing models that interpret findings across multiple studies. Despite its growing use in health research, further research is needed to address the wide range of methodological and epistemological questions raised by the approach.

Conference in Global Health Diplomacy: The new realm in international relations- event video
ECSA Health Community, Arusha, August 2013

This video covers the one day meeting held by the ECSA Health Community on global health diplomacy prior to the ECSA HC best practices forum.

Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection
World Health Organisation: 2013

These consolidated guidelines provide guidance on the diagnosis of HIV infection, the care of people living with HIV and the use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection. They are structured along the continuum of HIV testing, care and treatment. Behavioural, structural and biomedical interventions that do not involve the use of ARV drugs are not covered in these guidelines. The 2013 guidelines combine and harmonise recommendations from a range of World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines and other documents. Comprehensive guidance is now provided on using ARV drugs across age groups and populations of adults, pregnant and breastfeeding women, adolescents, children and key populations. The guidelines also aim to consolidate and update clinical, service delivery and programmatic guidance. Consistent with previous WHO guidelines, the new guidelines are based on a public health approach to the further scaling up of ARV drugs for treatment and prevention that considers feasibility and effectiveness across a variety of resource-limited settings.

Construct Africa
Uncube, Uncube Magazine (17):2013

This special issue of Uncube magazine explores the changing trends in the built environment on the African continent. The issue presents case studies at various scales, from the construction of a sustainable orphanage in Guabuliga, Ghana to the results of a course in supporting residents of a suburb in Johannesburg to be experts of their own living situations.