On this page you will find links to published journal papers and reports on and about PAR. The most recently published resources are shown first. Please send us your reports and journal paper links. If they are published papers that have been reviewed and finalised but are but not online let us know in the form you send and we will contact you in case we are able to upload them and make them available online.
Participatory action research publications in journal papers and reports
This article focuses on PAR as a strategy to understand social vulnerability within the context of women as rural farm dwellers in the North-West Province, South Africa. It emphasises the need for continued participation and the practical principles/benefits derived from PAR. The PAR process cycles are discussed. The article emphasises that the application of the PAR process can make a contribution towards the development of a community by creating an understanding of social vulnerability, by building capacity and by ensuring participation. It also addresses income-generating activities.
This report describes what happened to civil aviation workers around the world between 2000 and 2007.The study examined the changes that took place globally between those years. The year 2000 was used as a baseline in order to give an idea of conditions before 9/11. The findings of this investigation reveal a disturbing picture of a steady decline in conditions faced by civil aviation workers in all three occupational groups, in all regions, between 2000 and 2007. Overally the conditions of labour need to be improved, and improved significantly, both for workers and for public safety.
This case study describes the author’s experience with the use of PAR using a ‘resistance paradigm’. The primary actors in the PAR process were the small-scale miners association and the Kasighau community. in Kenya concerning their rights in a protracted struggle for control of and access to minerals in their own ancestral lands. An emerging boldness and bravery in the small-scale miners could be directly linked to the PAR process and as a reflection of the continued opening up of political space in Kenyan society.
A participatory appraisal was implemented on the health needs and services for a disenfranchised, nomadic Somali community of north-eastern Kenya. The evidence included the Somali community's perception of the healthcare services and how they could be improved to suit their nomadic lifestyle. Various participatory methods were used to see how services could better align to this community's lives, including seasonal calendars on the movements of the nomadic people.
Two works on participatory development provide perspectives on values and process in development. The first book, 'Participation: The New Tyranny' challenges the pervasive belief that participation is unequivocally good. The second, 'Participation: From Tyranny to Transformation' attempts to theorize a more coherent and potentially transformative participatory development. This essay reviews these two contributions and proposes that a more thoroughly pragmatic orientation might advance the interests of a transformative participation.
The “Latin American tradition” of participatory research based on the pioneering experience of Orlando Fals Borda and Paulo Freire can only be understood in its origins, going back to the social and political contexts of the time when it was instituted in Latin America, between the 1970s and 1980s.. This approach possesses specific characteristics, beginning with its historical connection to the popular social movements and their emancipatory social transformation projects. A few principles of convergence between different styles and traditions of PAR are presented and discussed.
A participatory action research project was undertaken with Aboriginal health workers in South Australia. The study examined the factors that affect the empowerment of Aboriginal health workers within the context of an Aboriginal-controlled primary health care service. Findings showed that the three main factors preventing Aboriginal health workers from attaining a key role within the health service are the standard of training they receive, their low literacy and numeracy levels, and their lack of participation in decision making within the health service.
This paper presents action oriented participatory research using a collective questionnaire on characteristics of the labour process, risks and health damage for workers in a steel factory in Mexico. It was implemented by research institutions and trade unions. The paper presents a comparison between the information found on risks, health damage and the risks-health damage relationship found with the collective questionnaire and the findings from use of an individual questionnaire applied at the same steel factory. The results from the two methods were very similar.
This article reviews one of the most seminal books in the history of PAR and a major contributor to the liberatory tradition in adult education. Written by Orlando Fals-Borda, a Colombian scholar and activist who worked mainly in Latin America, and Mohammad Anisur Rahman from Bangladesh. The book contains six vivencias or process studies of PAR in the Americas, Asia and Africa contributed by long time practitioners in those continents. This is a gold mine of theory and practice. The review summarises the book by chapter, giving brief summaries and case studies.
PLA Notes started in 1988, published about twice a year so that there are now 66 issues, all archived here by IIED. The publications challenge existing orthodoxies about the role of local people in the ownership and dissemination of ideas. and have become part of a political and social movement for transformational change across the development world. Each issue shares tips and tools, and also publishes articles on participatory processes and methods that strengthen rights, voices and governance, and promotes social justice in a range of different thematic contexts.