Participatory action research methods, tools and ethics

On this page you will find links to materials, videos and other resources on the methods used in PAR. Links are provided to examples of the tools used, and to discussions and guidelines on ethical issues in PAR. The resources are in various languages. The most recently published resources are shown first. Please send us your resources to include on this page.

Understanding Participatory Action Research: A qualitative research methodology option

https://tinyurl.com/ybee8947

MacDonald, C. Canadian Journal of Action Research Vol 13 Issue 2,2012

This paper contextualizes PAR in terms of its history, principles, definitions, and strengths, as well as discusses challenges and practical suggestions for using PAR. It examines focus groups and interviews as methods for data collection, the role of PAR in education, and the types of research for which PAR is best suited.

A Guide to the Literature on Participatory Research with Youth

http://www.yorku.ca/act/reports/InvolvingYouthInResearch.pdf

Ollner A, The Assets Coming Together for Youth Project York University,2010

This practical tool contains summaries of articles on research that has engaged with youth as active participants. The articles were selected based on the level of participation of youth within the research process; articles describing research in which youth participation consisted of being interviewed were not included. Categories include: innovative arts-based methods; youth as co-researchers; empowerment; youth participation in evaluation of youth services; youth in communities; civic participation/social action; and critical perspectives on engaging youth in research.

Best practices in the reporting of participatory action research: Embracing both the forest and the trees

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0011000010376416

Smith L; Rosenzweig L; Schmidt M ,2010

The article presents best-practices suggestions for writing about PAR based on an analysis of PAR articles published between 2000 and 2008.

Critical reflections on social injustice and participatory action research: The case of the indigenous Ayta community in the Philippines

http://tinyurl.com/ycnpwh5t

Estacioa E; Marks D ,2010

The paper reflects on the indigenous Ayta community in the Philippines on how best to address social injustice in their context. the outcome of the study reveled the various problems associated with the use of PAR during the research. It also reflects on the ethical implications of facilitating action research particularly on the health and welfare of those who were engaged. The results revealed various complexities that needs the attention of those in power to ensure the role of those who are socially disadvantaged.

Participatory action research approaches and methods

http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/ojs/index.php/ijcre/article/view/1039

Gibson N,2010

This book offers a critical introduction to understanding and working with PAR in different social, spatial and institutional contexts in three parts. The first part explores the intellectual, ethical and pragmatic contexts of PAR; the development and diversity of approaches to PAR; perspectives on PAR as a form of power. Part two is a critical exploration of the politics, places and practices of PAR.. Part three reflects on how effective PAR is, including its products and processes, participatory learning, benefits and challenges, and working between research, action, activism and change.

Participatory Action Research: An educational tool for citizen-users of community mental health services

http://umanitoba.ca/rehabsciences/media/par_manual.pdf

Watters, J; Comeau, S; Restall, G. Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Medical Rehabilitation, University of Manitoba,2010

This educational tool is a resource for community mental health citizen-users interested in making a difference in their communities. It aims to increase their knowledge of and involvement in PAR as a tool for change in community mental health services . The manual looks at the link between PAR and community mental health, why and how to use PAR and gives a few examples of how this methodology has been used in Canada to improve mental health services

Reflections on doing participatory research in health: participation, method and power

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13645570802373676

Bourke L,2009

This paper reports and on the experience of facilitating three participatory research projects in southeast Australia and discusses the issues it raises on participation, method and power. The experience raised issues of negotiation, inclusion, quality of research, differing agendas and roles and the integrity of those involved. The paper discusses these issues and how decisions are made around them.

EQUINET Participatory Methods toolkit: Organising People’s Power for Health

http://equinetafrica.org/sites/default/files/uploads/documents/EQUINET_PRA_toolkit_for_web.pdf

Loewenson R; Kaim B; Chikomo F; Mbuyita S; Makemba A ,2006

This toolkit was produced in response to this need, drawing on the experiences and knowledge of individuals and institutions working in this field. The toolkit shows how participatory methods can be used to raise community voice, both through health research and by training communities to take effective action and become involved in the health sector. Generally, this toolkit aims to strengthen capacities in researchers, health workers and civil society personnel working at community level to use participatory methods for research, training and programme support.

La Investigación Acción Participativa (IAP) en los estudios de psicología política y de género. (PAR in political, psychological, and gender studies)

http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/164/366

Obando-Salazar O,2006

El articulo se estructura en tres partes: un resumen sobre los fundamentos teóricos de la IA y su significado para el desarrollo de la propuesta latinoamericana de IAP, (1.1) con sus antecedentes teóricos, (1.2) paradigmáticos y (1.3) los criterios de validación. Segundo, una síntesis de aportes de algunos teóricos pioneros de las tendencias de la IA (2.1) americana, (2.2) alemana, (2.3) de la investigación feminista y (2.4) de la propuesta latinoamericana, la IAP. Tercero, una caracterización de la IAP como método de intervención, (3.1) con sus características, (3.2)

Meeting report: Participatory methods for a people centred health system: Training workshop, Bagamoyo Tanzania, 28 February-4 March 2006

http://equinetafrica.org/sites/default/files/uploads/documents/REP032006gov.pdf

TARSC; EQUINET; IFAKARA,2006

The regional training workshop on participatory methods for a people centred health system was hosted by the regional network for equity in health in east and southern Africa (EQUINET) , TARSC, Ifakara and CHESSORE in Bagamoyo Tanzania from February 28- 3 March 2006. It aimed to build skills, share experiences and strengthen work on participatory methods for people centred health systems.