Participatory action research methods, tools and ethics

On this page you will find links to materials, videos and other resources on the methods used in PAR. Links are provided to examples of the tools used, and to discussions and guidelines on ethical issues in PAR. The resources are in various languages. The most recently published resources are shown first. Please send us your resources to include on this page.

Reflections on doing participatory research in health: participation, method and power

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13645570802373676

Bourke L,2009

This paper reports and on the experience of facilitating three participatory research projects in southeast Australia and discusses the issues it raises on participation, method and power. The experience raised issues of negotiation, inclusion, quality of research, differing agendas and roles and the integrity of those involved. The paper discusses these issues and how decisions are made around them.

EQUINET Participatory Methods toolkit: Organising People’s Power for Health

http://equinetafrica.org/sites/default/files/uploads/documents/EQUINET_PRA_toolkit_for_web.pdf

Loewenson R; Kaim B; Chikomo F; Mbuyita S; Makemba A ,2006

This toolkit was produced in response to this need, drawing on the experiences and knowledge of individuals and institutions working in this field. The toolkit shows how participatory methods can be used to raise community voice, both through health research and by training communities to take effective action and become involved in the health sector. Generally, this toolkit aims to strengthen capacities in researchers, health workers and civil society personnel working at community level to use participatory methods for research, training and programme support.

La Investigación Acción Participativa (IAP) en los estudios de psicología política y de género. (PAR in political, psychological, and gender studies)

http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/164/366

Obando-Salazar O,2006

El articulo se estructura en tres partes: un resumen sobre los fundamentos teóricos de la IA y su significado para el desarrollo de la propuesta latinoamericana de IAP, (1.1) con sus antecedentes teóricos, (1.2) paradigmáticos y (1.3) los criterios de validación. Segundo, una síntesis de aportes de algunos teóricos pioneros de las tendencias de la IA (2.1) americana, (2.2) alemana, (2.3) de la investigación feminista y (2.4) de la propuesta latinoamericana, la IAP. Tercero, una caracterización de la IAP como método de intervención, (3.1) con sus características, (3.2)

Meeting report: Participatory methods for a people centred health system: Training workshop, Bagamoyo Tanzania, 28 February-4 March 2006

http://equinetafrica.org/sites/default/files/uploads/documents/REP032006gov.pdf

TARSC; EQUINET; IFAKARA,2006

The regional training workshop on participatory methods for a people centred health system was hosted by the regional network for equity in health in east and southern Africa (EQUINET) , TARSC, Ifakara and CHESSORE in Bagamoyo Tanzania from February 28- 3 March 2006. It aimed to build skills, share experiences and strengthen work on participatory methods for people centred health systems.

Participatory action research: considerations for ethical review

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953604005106

Khanlou N; Peter E ,2005

This paper addresses the distinctive nature of participatory action research in relation to ethical review requirements.

Participatory action research: the Indian Family Stories Project.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0029655403002008

Garwick A; Auger S ,2003

The article shared experiences and lessons learned from utilizing a participatory action approach in a series of five sub projects within the Indian Family Stories Project. The importance of community engagement, networking, contextualization of the activities, feedback and building a sustainable community resources were issues which were raised in the paper. The paper raised that community-based research projects are critically needed to reduce health disparities and ensure the delivery of health care services that are culturally appropriate and relevant to families and communities.

‘Barefoot Research: A Workers' Manual for Organising On Work Security

https://www.tuc.org.uk/sites/default/files/extras/fullbarefoot.pdf

Keith M; Brophy J; Kirby P; Rosskam E,2002

The manual is a practical tool, designed to be of assistance to workers and union officials, showing how they can probe to discover whether they have work security, and if not how they can go about obtaining it. Information is rarely neutral, and it is rarely appropriate to rely on others to collect, analyse and disseminate information on which practices and policies should be based. If workers want basic security, they must be involved in collecting the information, analysing it and using it in ways they determine, and the manual provides methods for this.

How to make a pocket chart and more examples of how to use it

http://collections.infocollections.org/ukedu/en/d/Jwhs046e/7.3.html

PHAST; SIDA; UNDP; WB; WHO,2000

This text explains how to use a pocket chart, a participatory investigative tool used to collect and tabulate data from the community level, such as where people collect water within networks of information exchange. Poster-size charts contain "pockets" of cloth or paper inserted in each cell in a matrix, with simple drawings identifying the subject of each row or column. Participants can also use it to "vote" on topics, such as health service features, by placing counters in the pocket that indicates their situation or preference.

Ethical principles for the conduct of participatory research in the North

http://acuns.ca/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/EthicsEnglishmarch2003.pdf

ACUNS ,1997

The article outlined the 20 principles intended to encourage the development of co-operation and mutual respect between researchers and people involved.

Pair wise ranking made easy

http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/G01675.pdf

Russell T,1997

This text explains how to do pair wise ranking, a participatory method for deciding on shared priorities. Each item on a list is compared with the other items on the list in a systematic way. Each choice is compared with all others, one by one. The final ranking and the information shared during implementation both contribute to learning.