Participatory action research methods, tools and ethics

On this page you will find links to materials, videos and other resources on the methods used in PAR. Links are provided to examples of the tools used, and to discussions and guidelines on ethical issues in PAR. The resources are in various languages. The most recently published resources are shown first. Please send us your resources to include on this page.

Participatory action research in health systems: a methods reader

http://equinetafrica.org/sites/default/files/uploads/documents/PAR_Methods_Reader2014_for_web.pdf

Loewenson R; Laurell AC; Hogstedt C; D’Ambruoso L; Shroff Z,2014

The result of team work, this reader draws on experience and published work from all regions globally and explains: • key features of participatory action research and the history and knowledge paradigms that inform it; • processes and methods used in participatory action research, including innovations and developments in the field and the ethical and methods issues in implementing it; and • communication, reporting, institutionalization and use of participatory action research in health systems.

De fracaso y frustración en el trabajo de campo: cómo asumir la ética de la representación en la investigación participativa (Of failure and frustration in field work – how to assume the ethics of representation in participatory research)

http://www.redalyc.org/html/396/39630036016/index.html

Oslender U,2013

One of the lacunas of methodological engagement in PAR is how to address issues of fracaso, or failure, where the academic-activist him/herself has experienced deep disappointment or frustration in the way the research situation unfolded Otra carencia en los debates metodológicos se refiere a la falta de enfrentar abiertamente problemas de fracaso, decepción o frustración que el académico-activista pueda haber experimentado en el trabajo de campo. This paper critically examines this from the author's personal experience.

Participatory Methods

http://www.participatorymethods.org/task/communicate

Institute of Development Studies,2013

An explosion of new methods, technologies, theories and approaches has taken place around the world, adding enormously to the range of available methods for participation. Increasingly sophisticated visual methods and tools for networking and data collection give us access to different forms of knowledge and political action. This website is a repository of examples from all over the world.

Who are we to care? Exploring the relationship between participation, knowledge and power in health systems. TARSC, Zimbabwe, and COPASAH

http://www.tarsc.org/publications/documents/Issue%20paper%20participation%20Kaim%20April2013.pdf

Kaim, B,2013

This paper explores how the interaction between people’s participation, knowledge and power effects the functioning of health systems. It pays particular attention to the importance of building people centred health systems which give voice and agency to the poor and most vulnerable in communities. It explores the role PAR plays in this process. The paper concludes by asking a series of questions to provoke and deepen our thinking on ways we can overcome obstacles to building a more just and equitable health system , from community to global level as a strategy for change.

Community Health Workers Support Community-based Participatory Research Ethics: Lessons Learned along the Research-to-Practice-to-Community Continuum

http://muse.jhu.edu/article/488917/pdf

Smith S; Blumenthal D ,2012

This article examines experiences and lessons learned from involving community health workers in research enabling the the community to gain some degree of control over the research intervention and operationalizing ethical principles in community based participatory research.

Participatory action research approaches and methods

http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/ojs/index.php/ijcre/article/view/1039

Gibson N,2010

This book offers a critical introduction to understanding and working with PAR in different social, spatial and institutional contexts in three parts. The first part explores the intellectual, ethical and pragmatic contexts of PAR; the development and diversity of approaches to PAR; perspectives on PAR as a form of power. Part two is a critical exploration of the politics, places and practices of PAR.. Part three reflects on how effective PAR is, including its products and processes, participatory learning, benefits and challenges, and working between research, action, activism and change.

Reflections on doing participatory research in health: participation, method and power

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13645570802373676

Bourke L,2009

This paper reports and on the experience of facilitating three participatory research projects in southeast Australia and discusses the issues it raises on participation, method and power. The experience raised issues of negotiation, inclusion, quality of research, differing agendas and roles and the integrity of those involved. The paper discusses these issues and how decisions are made around them.

EQUINET Participatory Methods toolkit: Organising People’s Power for Health

http://equinetafrica.org/sites/default/files/uploads/documents/EQUINET_PRA_toolkit_for_web.pdf

Loewenson R; Kaim B; Chikomo F; Mbuyita S; Makemba A ,2006

This toolkit was produced in response to this need, drawing on the experiences and knowledge of individuals and institutions working in this field. The toolkit shows how participatory methods can be used to raise community voice, both through health research and by training communities to take effective action and become involved in the health sector. Generally, this toolkit aims to strengthen capacities in researchers, health workers and civil society personnel working at community level to use participatory methods for research, training and programme support.

La Investigación Acción Participativa (IAP) en los estudios de psicología política y de género. (PAR in political, psychological, and gender studies)

http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/164/366

Obando-Salazar O,2006

El articulo se estructura en tres partes: un resumen sobre los fundamentos teóricos de la IA y su significado para el desarrollo de la propuesta latinoamericana de IAP, (1.1) con sus antecedentes teóricos, (1.2) paradigmáticos y (1.3) los criterios de validación. Segundo, una síntesis de aportes de algunos teóricos pioneros de las tendencias de la IA (2.1) americana, (2.2) alemana, (2.3) de la investigación feminista y (2.4) de la propuesta latinoamericana, la IAP. Tercero, una caracterización de la IAP como método de intervención, (3.1) con sus características, (3.2)

Meeting report: Participatory methods for a people centred health system: Training workshop, Bagamoyo Tanzania, 28 February-4 March 2006

http://equinetafrica.org/sites/default/files/uploads/documents/REP032006gov.pdf

TARSC; EQUINET; IFAKARA,2006

The regional training workshop on participatory methods for a people centred health system was hosted by the regional network for equity in health in east and southern Africa (EQUINET) , TARSC, Ifakara and CHESSORE in Bagamoyo Tanzania from February 28- 3 March 2006. It aimed to build skills, share experiences and strengthen work on participatory methods for people centred health systems.