Malaria is one of the main reasons why people use health services in sub-Saharan Africa, placing a considerable burden on primary health care. The Affordable Medicines Facility-malaria (AMFm) is a supply-side intervention designed to reduce malaria mortality by improving the availability and affordability of effective treatment. It also aims to delay the development of drug resistance through the use of artemisinin, in combination with other medicines, rather than as a monotherapy. Access to artemisinin-based combination therapies by people living in poverty – those without public facilities and unable to afford artemisinin-based combination therapies at subsidised prices – is a concern. The AMFm will support an enhanced public sector and NGO distribution of artemisinin-based combination therapies, often without charge but supplementary initiatives at PHC level, such as home-based management of malaria, will still be needed.
Equitable health services
At the close of breast cancer awareness month, cancer organisations say proper testing and treatment services for breat cancer are completely inadequate. Breast cancer organisations are concerned that early detection and treatment services are severely lacking in South Africa where over 3 000 women die from this disease annually. The Breast Cancer Advocacy Coalition have sent a memorandum to the South African health department asking it to improve services. The coalition calls for a comprehensive breast health service that is equitable, available, affordable and accessible to all women in South Africa.
This paper set out to evaluate birth preparedness and complication readiness among antenatal care clients at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya. A total of 394 women attending antenatal care were systematically sampled to select every third interviewee for the study. The paper found that over 60% of the respondents were counselled by health workers on various elements of birth preparedness and many were aware of their expected date of delivery, had set aside funds for transport to hospital or for emergencies and knew at least one danger sign in pregnancy. Level of education positively influenced birth preparedness. However, education and counselling on different aspects of birth preparedness was not provided to all clients, especially about danger signs in pregnancy, birth preparedness and plans for emergencies.
Health authorities reported the first known cases of virtually untreatable tuberculosis in Botswana, following fears that the highly contagious strain has spread beyond South Africa. For the past few months, health professionals have warned that XDR-TB, although only confirmed in South Africa, had spread to other Southern African nations like Swaziland and Lesotho hard hit by the AIDS pandemic, but hadn't been diagnosed because of lack of laboratory facilities.
The Perinatal Mental Health Project in Cape Town, which offers counselling to mothers throughout their pregnancy, is playing a role by tackling depression in the initial stages of the pregnancy. While most programmes only tackle cases of depression among pregnant women after the birth of the baby, the Perinatal Mental Health Project (PMHP) at the University of Cape Town intervenes during the early stages of pregnancy. Simone Honikman, director of the project said severe cases of depression could be treated more successfully if detected early. According to PMHP, South Africa’s postnatal depression (PND) prevalence is three times that in developed countries. For over eight years the PMHP has screened about 8,000 pregnant women for mental health conditions, while up to 1 234 women have been counselled as part of this free service. The PMHP model is one of integration. Mental health care is provided on site together with antenatal care services. This means that the mothers needing help can access this service at the same service point where they receive other health care related to the pregnancy.
This story describes the experience of Professor Stanis Wembonyama as director of the main hospital in Democratic Republic of Congo's second city, Lubumbashi, last year. Gecamines, the state-owned mining monopoly used to be in charge - theoretically - of the Jason Sendwe Hospital, but the institution had been left to rot. Most of the beds had been either stolen or stripped down and sold as scrap metal. Doctors and nurses had not been paid their salaries for five years and so they earned their living by demanding cash before treating their patients. The story outlines the steps to clean up the hospital and instil management discipline.
Nearly 18 months ago, South Africa’s Traditional Health Practitioners Bill made a triumphal passage through parliament, raising hopes in the hearts of the 300 000 or so practising traditional healers in South Africa that they might at last begin to ply their trade on an equal footing with their biomedical counterparts. The legislation included allowing traditional healers’ patients to claim through medical aid schemes, giving them access to government hospitals and clinics and demanding the same respect and courtesy accorded to general practitioners, surgeons and other biomedical professionals.
Experience shows that rural health care can be disadvantaged in policy formulation despite good intentions. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify the major challenges and priority interventions for rural health care provision in South Africa thereby contributing to pro-rural health policy dialogue. The Delphi technique was used to develop consensus on a list of statements that was generated through interviews and literature review. A panel of rural health practitioners and other stakeholders was asked to indicate their level of agreement with these statements and to rank the top challenges in and interventions required for rural health care. The top five priorities identified by participants were aligned to three of the World Health Organisation’s health system building blocks: human resources for health (HRH), governance, and finance. Specifically, the panel made the following policy recommendations: a focus on recruitment and support of rural health professionals, the employment of managers with sufficient and appropriate skills, a rural-friendly national HRH plan, and equitable funding formulae.
Round 7 of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, which launches March 1, 2007, offers an important opportunity to fund health system strengthening, including the health workforce. To prepare for Round 7, health workers, ministry of health officials, and other individuals and institutions that have an interest in their countries' health systems are strongly encouraged to consider utilizing this opportunity for strengthening health systems. If interested, you should immediately contact members of your country's Country Coordinating Mechanism to discuss this potential, as well as the national process and timeline for developing these proposals. The proposals are expected to be due to the Global Fund in early July 2007.
This article reviews literature on cancer statistics in sub-Saharan Africa, and assesses the need for population-based cancer registries to enhance cancer care and prevention within the region. The article finds that there are few cancer registries in sub-Saharan Africa and most of these are hospital based. This is partly because in many countries cancer is a low priority as more emphasis is placed on the control of communicable diseases and improving environmental sanitation.