Spending on research on diseases of the poor, such as malaria, tuberculosis and dengue fever, has increased substantially over recent years, according to the annual report of the Global Forum for Health Research. Major donations from governments and charities pushed global health research funding to more than US$100 billion in 2001, up from US$30 billion in 1987.
Equity in Health
The take home messages rang loud and clear at the closing of the 13th International Conference on AIDS and STIs in Africa (ICASA) as speaker after speaker representing different constituencies challenged African leaders, Western governments and multilateral organisations to reappraise their commitment to reducing the spread of HIV.
It is estimated that globally, between 100 and 140 million women and girls have undergone some form of female genital mutilation (FGM) with two million being at risk each year.
Basic sanitation must reach 138 million more people every year through 2015 – close to 2 billion in total - to bring the world on track to halve the proportion of people living without safe water and basic sanitation, the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF warn in a new report. Meeting this Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target would cost US $11.3 billion per year, a minimal investment compared with the potential to reduce human illnesses and death and invigorate economies.
THE death of their loved ones from Aids, and the controversy and alienation that followed, has prompted two unemployed women in Kubusi village near Stutterheim to call upon parents and partners to stop discriminating and rejecting people with Aids.
Development progress in the world's poorest countries could be halted or even reversed by mid-century unless bold steps are taken now to slow climate change, prevent further environmental damage, and reduce deep inequalities within and among nations, according to projections in the 2011 Human Development Report. In the report the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) argues that environmental sustainability can be most fairly and effectively achieved by addressing health, education, income and gender disparities together with global action on energy production and ecosystem protection.
In 2011, there was important progress in a number of areas, according to the World Helath Organisation, with reports on AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria all indicating fewer deaths – and fewer new infections. The UN General Assembly met to agree a global agenda for noncommunicable diseases – only the second time (after HIV/AIDS) that a health-related theme was selected as the topic for a UN high-level meeting. Natural disasters and conflict took their toll. The year was marked by the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear power plant damage in Japan. Conflicts disrupted health services and added to health demands in a number of countries, notably in Libya, where WHO contributed to the health response, providing expertise and supplies. 2011 also continued to be marked by the world's financial crisis. This photo feature presents a selection of some of the major health issues in 2011.
The author predicts significant adjustments in the global health status quo in the coming year and identifies seven forces that are converging towards what appears to be an inevitable tipping point. Some changes will be gradual, others may appear as sudden shifts. Each of these forces has the potential to make a significant difference in its own right, but as they begin to interact and influence one another, business as usual is an unlikely outcome. Within the health sector the forces include a shift in public health priorities towards maternal and child health, non-communicable diseases, urban health promotion and primary health care renewal, as well as a shift in national health programmes and global public health initiatives from delivering the downstream interventions that constitute traditional health care services towards addressing the social determinants of health. Also included is the increased focus on health system strengthening, and continued growth in domestic health funding, particularly in the middle-income countries that are experiencing economic growth. The author also points to a change in the locus of global health governance, as countries with emerging economies, like Brazil, China, India and South Africa, exert an increasing influence on global health policies and agendas, linking them increasingly to foreign policy priorities. The author predicts other major forces affecting the global health status quo will be the new global financial reality, where international assistance for health will continue to grow, but the new fiscal prudence will bring stringent accountability and demand for aid effectiveness.
The Independent Accountability Panel (IAP) inaugural report '2016: Old Challenges, New Hopes' was launched September 18, 2016 in conjunction with the Partnership for Maternal Newborn and Child Health and Countdown to 2030 and formally submitted to the Secretary-General at the Every Woman Every Child high level reception on the 20th September 2016. The report details how inequalities within and between countries are leaving women, children and adolescents at a disadvantage. It argues that more must be done to give every woman, every adolescent, and every child the opportunity to survive and thrive. In a statement at http://tinyurl.com/hadb8np the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University Law Center endorsed the report noting "The IAP’s report encompasses remedies as a necessary part of an accountability framework, building on the earlier work of the Commission on Information and Accountability and its accountability framework of monitor, review, and act. The inclusion of remedies rounds out a cycle of accountability that is necessary to realize the right to health and other health-related rights, which must extend beyond the traditional emphasis on monitoring and evaluation. This report is intended to help catalyze the use of national, regional, and global accountability mechanisms – and vitally, to ensure that all people, with special attention to the most marginalized, have the resources and respect that empower their ability to access them".
The 21st Plenary Assembly of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Parliamentary Forum was held at Misty Hills Country Hotel, Mogale City, South Africa under the theme: Enhancing the Role of Parliaments in Governance and Development at Regional Level: Trade and Development Issues Relating to the African Caribbean and Pacific (ACP)/European Union (EU) Negotiations. This document highlights the key points raised at the assembly.